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A lockfile records the state of a project at some point in time.


A lockfile captures the state of a project's library at some point in time. In particular, the package names, their versions, and their sources (when known) are recorded in the lockfile.

Projects can be restored from a lockfile using the restore() function. This implies reinstalling packages into the project's private library, as encoded within the lockfile.

While lockfiles are normally generated and used with snapshot() / restore(), they can also be edited by hand if so desired. Lockfiles are written as .json, to allow for easy consumption by other tools.

An example lockfile follows:

  "R": {
    "Version": "3.6.1",
    "Repositories": [
        "Name": "CRAN",
        "URL": ""
  "Packages": {
    "markdown": {
      "Package": "markdown",
      "Version": "1.0",
      "Source": "Repository",
      "Repository": "CRAN",
      "Hash": "4584a57f565dd7987d59dda3a02cfb41"
    "mime": {
      "Package": "mime",
      "Version": "0.7",
      "Source": "Repository",
      "Repository": "CRAN",
      "Hash": "908d95ccbfd1dd274073ef07a7c93934"

The sections used within a lockfile are described next.


Information about the version of renv used to manage this project.

VersionThe version of the renv package used with this project.


Properties related to the version of R associated with this project.

VersionThe version of R used.
RepositoriesThe R repositories used in this project.


R package records, capturing the packages used or required by a project at the time when the lockfile was generated.

PackageThe package name.
VersionThe package version.
SourceThe location from which this package was retrieved.
RepositoryThe name of the repository (if any) from which this package was retrieved.
Hash(Optional) A unique hash for this package, used for package caching.

Additional remote fields, further describing how the package can be retrieved from its corresponding source, will also be included as appropriate (e.g. for packages installed from GitHub).


Metadata related to the version of Python used with this project (if any).

VersionThe version of Python being used.
TypeThe type of Python environment being used ("virtualenv", "conda", "system")
NameThe (optional) name of the environment being used.

Note that the Name field may be empty. In that case, a project-local Python environment will be used instead (when not directly using a system copy of Python).

See also

Other reproducibility: restore(), snapshot()