Select the version of Python to be used by
use_python(python, required = NULL) use_python_version(version, required = NULL) use_virtualenv(virtualenv = NULL, required = NULL) use_condaenv(condaenv = NULL, conda = "auto", required = NULL) use_miniconda(condaenv = NULL, required = NULL)
The path to a Python binary.
Is the requested copy of Python required? If
TRUE, an error will be
emitted if the requested copy of Python does not exist. Otherwise, the
request is taken as a hint only, and scanning for other versions will still
The version of Python to use.
reticulate will search for versions of
Python as installed by the
install_python() helper function.
Either the name of, or the path to, a Python virtual environment.
The conda environment to use. For
use_condaenv(), this can be the name,
the absolute prefix path, or the absolute path to the python binary. If
the name is ambiguous, the first environment is used and a warning is
use_miniconda(), the only conda installation searched is
the one installed by
The path to a
conda executable. By default,
reticulate will check the
PATH, as well as other standard locations for Anaconda installations.
reticulate package initializes its Python bindings lazily -- that is,
it does not initialize its Python bindings until an API that explicitly
requires Python to be loaded is called. This allows users and package authors
to request particular versions of Python by calling
use_python() or one of
the other helper functions documented in this help file.
RETICULATE_PYTHON environment variable can also be used to control
which copy of Python
reticulate chooses to bind to. It should be set to
the path to a Python interpreter, and that interpreter can either be:
A standalone system interpreter,
Part of a virtual environment,
Part of a Conda environment.
When set, this will override any other requests to use a particular copy of
Python. Setting this in
~/.Renviron (or optionally, a project
can be a useful way of forcing
reticulate to use a particular version of
Note that the requests for a particular version of Python via
and friends only persist for the active session; they must be re-run in each
new R session as appropriate.
use_python() (or one of the other
use_*() functions) are called
multiple times, the most recently-requested version of Python will be
used. Note that any request to
use_python() will always be overridden
RETICULATE_PYTHON environment variable, if set.
py_config() function will also provide a short note describing why
reticulate chose to select the version of Python that was ultimately