This class starts a Shiny app in a new R session, along with a phantom.js headless browser that can be used to simulate user actions. This provides a full simulation of a Shiny app so that you can test user interactions with a live app.

Methods

Public methods


Method new()

Usage

ShinyDriver$new(
  path = ".",
  loadTimeout = NULL,
  checkNames = TRUE,
  debug = c("none", "all", shinytest::ShinyDriver$debugLogTypes),
  phantomTimeout = 5000,
  seed = NULL,
  cleanLogs = TRUE,
  shinyOptions = list(),
  renderArgs = NULL
)

Arguments

path

Path to a directory containing a Shiny app, i.e. a single app.R file or a server.R-ui.R pair.

loadTimeout

How long to wait for the app to load, in ms. This includes the time to start R. Defaults to 5s when running locally and 10s when running on CI.

checkNames

Check if widget names are unique?

debug

Start the app in debugging mode? In debugging mode debug messages are printed to the console.

phantomTimeout

How long to wait when connecting to phantomJS process, in ms

seed

An optional random seed to use before starting the application. For apps that use R's random number generator, this can make their behavior repeatable.

cleanLogs

Whether to remove the stdout and stderr logs when the Shiny process object is garbage collected.

shinyOptions

A list of options to pass to shiny::runApp().

renderArgs

Passed to rmarkdown::run() for interactive .Rmds.


Method finalize()

Stop app and clean up logs.

Usage

ShinyDriver$finalize()


Method stop()

Stop the app, the terminate external R process that runs the app and the phantomjs instance.

Usage

ShinyDriver$stop()


Method getValue()

Finds a widget and queries its value. See the getValue() method of Widget for more details.

Usage

ShinyDriver$getValue(name, iotype = c("auto", "input", "output"))

Arguments

name

Name of a shiny widget.

iotype

Type of the Shiny widget. Usually shinytest finds the widgets by their name, so this is only needed if you use the same name for an input and output widget.


Method setValue()

Finds a widget and sets its value. It's a shortcut for findElement() plus setValue(); see the Widget documentation for more details.

Usage

ShinyDriver$setValue(name, value, iotype = c("auto", "input", "output"))

Arguments

name

Name of a shiny widget.

value

New value.

iotype

Type of the Shiny widget. Usually shinytest finds the widgets by their name, so this is only needed if you use the same name for an input and output widget.

Returns

Self, invisibly.


Method click()

Find a widget and click it. It's a shortcut for findElement() plus click(); see the Widget documentation for more details.

Usage

ShinyDriver$click(name, iotype = c("auto", "input", "output"))

Arguments

name

Name of a shiny widget.

iotype

Type of the Shiny widget. Usually shinytest finds the widgets by their name, so this is only needed if you use the same name for an input and output widget.


Method getAllValues()

Returns a named list of all inputs, outputs, and export values.

Usage

ShinyDriver$getAllValues(input = TRUE, output = TRUE, export = TRUE)

Arguments

input, output, export

Either TRUE to return all input/output/exported values, or a character vector of specific controls.


Method sendKeys()

Sends the specified keys to specific HTML element. Shortcut for findWidget() plus sendKeys().

Usage

ShinyDriver$sendKeys(name, keys)

Arguments

name

Name of a shiny widget.

keys

Keys to send to the widget or the app. See webdriver::key for how to specific special keys.

Returns

Self, invisibly.


Method setWindowSize()

Sets size of the browser window.

Usage

ShinyDriver$setWindowSize(width, height)

Arguments

width, height

Height and width of browser, in pixels.

Returns

Self, invisibly.


Method getWindowSize()

Get current size of the browser window, as list of integer scalars named width and height.

Usage

ShinyDriver$getWindowSize()


Method getDebugLog()

Query one or more of the debug logs.

Usage

ShinyDriver$getDebugLog(type = c("all", ShinyDriver$debugLogTypes))

Arguments

type

Log type: "all", "shiny_console", "browser", or "shinytest".


Method enableDebugLogMessages()

Enable/disable debugging messages

Usage

ShinyDriver$enableDebugLogMessages(enable = TRUE)

Arguments

enable

New value.


Method logEvent()

Add event to log.

Usage

ShinyDriver$logEvent(event, ...)

Arguments

event

Event name

...

Addition data to store for event


Method getEventLog()

Retrieve event log.

Usage

ShinyDriver$getEventLog()


Method getUrl()

Get current url

Usage

ShinyDriver$getUrl()


Method getTitle()

Get page title

Usage

ShinyDriver$getTitle()


Method getSource()

Get complete source of current page.

Usage

ShinyDriver$getSource()


Method goBack()

Return to previous page

Usage

ShinyDriver$goBack()

Returns

Self, invisibly.


Method refresh()

Refresh the browser

Usage

ShinyDriver$refresh()

Returns

Self, invisibly.


Method takeScreenshot()

Takes a screenshot of the current page and writes it to a PNG file or shows on current graphics device.

Usage

ShinyDriver$takeScreenshot(file = NULL, id = NULL, parent = FALSE)

Arguments

file

File name to save the screenshot to. If NULL, then it will be shown on the R graphics device.

id

If not-NULL, will take a screenshot of element with this id.

parent

If TRUE, will take screenshot of parent of id; this is useful if you also want to capture the label attached to a Shiny control.

Returns

Self, invisibly.


Method findElement()

Find an HTML element on the page, using a CSS selector, XPath expression, or link text (for <a> tags). If multiple elements are matched, only the first is returned.

Usage

ShinyDriver$findElement(
  css = NULL,
  linkText = NULL,
  partialLinkText = NULL,
  xpath = NULL
)

Arguments

css

CSS selector to find an HTML element.

linkText

Find <a> HTML elements based on exact innerText

partialLinkText

Find <a> HTML elements based on partial innerText

xpath

Find HTML elements using XPath expressions.

Returns

A webdriver::Element.


Method findElements()

Find all elements matching CSS selection, xpath, or link text.

Usage

ShinyDriver$findElements(
  css = NULL,
  linkText = NULL,
  partialLinkText = NULL,
  xpath = NULL
)

Arguments

css

CSS selector to find an HTML element.

linkText

Find <a> HTML elements based on exact innerText

partialLinkText

Find <a> HTML elements based on partial innerText

xpath

Find HTML elements using XPath expressions.

Returns

A list of webdriver::Elements.


Method waitFor()

Waits until a JavaScript expression evaluates to true or the timeout is exceeded.

Usage

ShinyDriver$waitFor(expr, checkInterval = 100, timeout = 3000)

Arguments

expr

A string containing JavaScript code. Will wait until the condition returns true.

checkInterval

How often to check for the condition, in ms.

timeout

Amount of time to wait before giving up (milliseconds).

Returns

TRUE if expression evaluates to true without error, before timeout. Otherwise returns NA.


Method waitForShiny()

Waits until Shiny is not busy, i.e. the reactive graph has finished updating. This is useful, for example, if you've resized the window with setWindowSize() and want to make sure all plot redrawing is complete before take a screenshot.

Usage

ShinyDriver$waitForShiny()

Returns

TRUE if done before before timeout; NA otherwise.


Method waitForValue()

Waits until the input or output with name name is not one of ignored values, or the timeout is reached.

This function can be useful in helping determine if an application has initialized or finished processing a complex reactive situation.

Usage

ShinyDriver$waitForValue(
  name,
  ignore = list(NULL, ""),
  iotype = c("input", "output", "export"),
  timeout = 10000,
  checkInterval = 400
)

Arguments

name

Name of a shiny widget.

ignore

List of possible values to ignore when checking for updates.

iotype

Type of the Shiny widget. Usually shinytest finds the widgets by their name, so this is only needed if you use the same name for an input and output widget.

timeout

Amount of time to wait before giving up (milliseconds).

checkInterval

How often to check for the condition, in ms.


Method listWidgets()

Lists the names of all input and output widgets

Usage

ShinyDriver$listWidgets()

Returns

A list of two character vectors, named input and output.


Method checkUniqueWidgetNames()

Check if Shiny widget names are unique.

Usage

ShinyDriver$checkUniqueWidgetNames()


Method executeScript()

Execute JS code

Usage

ShinyDriver$executeScript(script, ...)

Arguments

script

JS to execute.

...

Additional arguments to script.

Returns

Self, invisibly.


Method executeScriptAsync()

Execute JS code asynchronously.

Usage

ShinyDriver$executeScriptAsync(script, ...)

Arguments

script

JS to execute.

...

Additional arguments to script.

Returns

Self, invisibly.


Method findWidget()

Finds the a Shiny input or output control.

Usage

ShinyDriver$findWidget(name, iotype = c("auto", "input", "output"))

Arguments

name

Name of a shiny widget.

iotype

Type of the Shiny widget. Usually shinytest finds the widgets by their name, so this is only needed if you use the same name for an input and output widget.

Returns

A Widget.


Method expectUpdate()

It performs one or more update operations via the browser, thens waits for the specified output(s) to update. The test succeeds if all specified output widgets are updated before the timeout. For updates that involve a lot of computation, increase the timeout.

Usage

ShinyDriver$expectUpdate(
  output,
  ...,
  timeout = 3000,
  iotype = c("auto", "input", "output")
)

Arguments

output

Name of output control to check.

...

Name-value pairs used to update inputs.

timeout

Amount of time to wait before giving up (milliseconds).

iotype

Type of the Shiny widget. Usually shinytest finds the widgets by their name, so this is only needed if you use the same name for an input and output widget.


Method setInputs()

Sets input values.

Usage

ShinyDriver$setInputs(
  ...,
  wait_ = TRUE,
  values_ = TRUE,
  timeout_ = 3000,
  allowInputNoBinding_ = FALSE,
  priority_ = c("input", "event")
)

Arguments

...

Name-value pairs, name1 = value1, name2 = value2 etc. Enput with name name1 will be assigned value value1.

wait_

Wait until all reactive updates have completed?

values_

If TRUE, will return final updated values of inputs.

timeout_

Amount of time to wait before giving up (milliseconds).

allowInputNoBinding_

When setting the value of an input, allow it to set the value of an input even if that input does not have an input binding.

priority_

Sets the event priority. For expert use only: see https://shiny.rstudio.com/articles/communicating-with-js.html#values-vs-events for details.

Returns

Returns updated values, invisibly.


Method uploadFile()

Uploads a file to a file input.

Usage

ShinyDriver$uploadFile(..., wait_ = TRUE, values_ = TRUE, timeout_ = 3000)

Arguments

...

Name-path pairs, e.g. name1 = path1. The file located at path1 will be uploaded to file input with name name1.

wait_

Wait until all reactive updates have completed?

values_

If TRUE, will return final updated values of download control.

timeout_

Amount of time to wait before giving up (milliseconds).


Method snapshotInit()

Download a snapshot. Generally, you should not call this function yourself; it will be generated by recordTest() as needed.

Usage

ShinyDriver$snapshotInit(path, screenshot = TRUE)

Arguments

path

Directory to save snapshots.

screenshot

Take screenshots for each snapshot?


Method snapshot()

Take a snapshot. Generally, you should not call this function yourself; it will be generated by recordTest() as needed.

Usage

ShinyDriver$snapshot(items = NULL, filename = NULL, screenshot = NULL)

Arguments

items

Elements to include in snapshot

filename

Filename to use

screenshot

Take a screenshot? Overrides value set by $snapshotInit()


Method snapshotCompare()

Deprecated

Usage

ShinyDriver$snapshotCompare(...)

Arguments

...

Ignored


Method snapshotDownload()

Snapshot a file download action. Generally, you should not call this function yourself; it will be generated by recordTest() as needed.

Usage

ShinyDriver$snapshotDownload(id, filename = NULL)

Arguments

id

Output id of shiny::downloadButton()/shiny::downloadLink()

filename

File name to save file to. The default, NULL, generates an ascending sequence of names: 001.download, 002.download, etc.


Method getAppDir()

Directory where app is located

Usage

ShinyDriver$getAppDir()


Method getAppFilename()

App file name, i.e. app.R or server.R. NULL for Rmds.

Usage

ShinyDriver$getAppFilename()


Method getTestsDir()

Directory where tests are located

Usage

ShinyDriver$getTestsDir()


Method getRelativePathToApp()

Relative path to app from current directory.

Usage

ShinyDriver$getRelativePathToApp()


Method getSnapshotDir()

Directory where snapshots are located.

Usage

ShinyDriver$getSnapshotDir()


Method isRmd()

Is this app an Shiny Rmd document?

Usage

ShinyDriver$isRmd()


Method clone()

The objects of this class are cloneable with this method.

Usage

ShinyDriver$clone(deep = FALSE)

Arguments

deep

Whether to make a deep clone.